Christ’s Death According to God’s Determined Counsel and Foreknowledge
Acts 2:22 Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus the Nazarene… (23) This man, delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you, through the hand of lawless men, nailed to a cross and killed;
1 Peter 2:19 But with precious blood, as of a Lamb without blemish and without spot, the blood of Christ; (20) Who was foreknown before the foundation of the world but has been manifested in the last of times for your sake,
In 2:23 we see that the Lord’s death was according to God’s determined counsel and foreknowledge. This determined counsel must be a counsel held by the Trinity before the foundation of the world. This indicates that the Lord’s crucifixion was not an accident in human history, but a purposeful fulfillment of the divine counsel determined by the Triune God.
Christ’s death was also according to the foreknowledge of God. Christ was foreordained, prepared, by God to be His redeeming Lamb for His elect according to His foreknowledge before the foundation of the world. This was done according to God’s eternal purpose and plan, not accidentally. We have seen that the divine Trinity held a counsel concerning the death of Christ. In that counsel it was determined that the second of the Trinity would become a man and die on the cross. Therefore, the Lord’s crucifixion, which was according to the foreknowledge of the Triune God, was the result of a determination made by the Trinity in an eternal counsel.